Pay televisionsubscription televisionpremium televisionor premium channels are subscription -based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite televisionbut also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television. Subscription television began in the multi-channel transition and transitioned into the post-network era. Subscription-based or pay television has resulted in a change in what type of content is broadcast by these networks.
This model has led to networks creating much more specialized types of shows to influence viewers to subscribe. Due to the unedited nature of premium services, it is typical for them to showcase programming that includes large amounts of profanitysexual activity and nuditygraphic violence and other adult content the inclusion of any such content depends on the program, as services may also include content that is at least partially, if not entirely, devoid of material that may be inappropriate for some viewers.
To notify viewers of program content, most premium channels air advisory bumpers immediately before each program, mentioning the program's rating this typically does not apply to live sporting events and program content information. Since the s, premium channels in the United States use content descriptors that describe potentially objectionable content included in the program, such as mild violence identified as "MV" or strong sexual content identified as "SSC" ; additional features included in the television program such as closed captioning and surround sound functions, and alternate-language audio tracks via secondary audio program feeds may also be mentioned.
Many pay television services obtain rights to films through exclusive agreements with film distributors this did not become the norm in the U.
Many general interest premium channels also produce original television serieswhich feature content that in some jurisdictions may be edgier — and therefore, often more risque — than such programs seen on broadcast networks; many of these series such as HBO 's The Sopranos and Sex and the Cityand Showtime 's Dexter have gone on to achieve viewer, critical and accolade success, though they are subject to a lower audience ratings threshold to be considered a hit than programs on broadcast television because these channels are subscription-based and therefore only appear in a fraction of homes with at least one television set.
Some premium channels also broadcast television specialswhich most commonly consist of concert events, documentary films and stand-up comedy actsand in the past, have also included theatrical plays.
Sports programming is also featured on some premium services, in particular HBO and Showtime in the United States are both notable for their carriage of boxing events, while Showtime and Epix also carry mixed martial arts events; some general interest premium channels have aired other professional sporting events in the past: HBO for example, has carried games from the National Hockey League NHLNational Basketball Association NBA and American Basketball Association ABA in its early years and from toaired the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
Some pay services also offer pornographic films ; a few mainstream services such as Cinemax in the U. Specialized channels dedicated to pornographic films also exist that carry either softcore adult programs such as Playboy TV or more hardcore content such as The Erotic Network and Hustler TVthese channels are often sold on a night-by-night basis similar to the pay-per-view model, even though they commonly operate as hour channels.
Premium television services are commonly devoid of traditional commercial advertising, therefore programs on most pay television channels are uninterrupted by television commercials within the broadcast; instead, breaks are inserted between programs, which typically advertise promotions for upcoming programs and feature special behind-the-scenes interstitials this is the main reason why most subscription television channels are able to run programs without any editing, as they are not subject to pressure from advertisers to tone down content ; some sports-based pay services, however, may feature some commercial advertising, particularly if they simulcast sporting events that are broadcast by advertiser-supported television networks.
In addition, most general interest or movie-based pay services do not adhere to the common top and bottom of the hour scheduling of other cable channels and terrestrial broadcasters. As such, programs often air using either conventional scheduling or have airtimes in five-minute increments for example, 7: Pay television channels come in different price ranges.
Many channels carrying advertising combine this income with a lower subscription fee.
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These are called "mini-pay" channels a term also used for smaller scale commercial-free pay television services and are often sold as a part of a package with numerous similarly priced channels. There are also premium television services which are priced significantly higher than the mini-pay channels, but they compensate for their higher price by carrying little or no advertising and also providing a higher quality program output.
As advertising sales are sensitive to the business cyclesome broadcasters try to balance them with more stable income from subscriptions. Some providers offer channels owned by the same company in a single package. For example, American satellite provider DirecTV offers the Encore channels along with the Starz multiplex both owned by Starz Inc. Many pay television services offer multiplex services that are also sold with the main channel, which broadcast a different schedule from that of the service's main channel and often use separate formats focused on genre-based programming for example; one channel may feature family-oriented programming, another may feature action films or programming aimed at a specific target audience.
In CanadaHBO Canada is packaged with two separate pay services: The Movie Network and Movie Central as the two services are territorially restricted by choice to respectively serve Eastern Canada and Western Canada ; the owners of both channels, Bell Media and Corus Entertainmenteach own the territorial rights to HBO Canada in their respective areas.
Though selling premium services that are related by ownership as a package is common, making money with squidoo lenses may not always be the situation: In the United States, Cinemax and How can i buy shares in marks and spencer are optionally sold separately from or ameritrade options margin requirements a single package with their respective parent networks HBO and Starz, depending on the service provider.
The Movie Channel dstv monthly subscription prices in nigeria Flix meanwhile, are usually sold together with Showtime all three channels are owned by CBS Corporation ; though subscribers are required to purchase Showtime in order to receive Flix, The Movie Channel does not have such a restriction as a few providers optionally sell that service without exchange rate calculator anz a Showtime subscription.
Unlike other cable networks, premium services are almost always subscribed to a la carte cable televisionmeaning that one can, for example, subscribe to HBO without subscribing to Showtime in Canada, there are slight modifications, as most providers include U.
Total money makeover expanded baby step 1, subscribing to an "individual" service automatically includes access to all of that service's available multiplex channels and, in some cases, access to content via video-on-demand in the form of dstv monthly subscription prices in nigeria conventional VOD television service, and in some cases, a companion on-demand streaming service as well.
Most pay television providers also offer a selection of premium services for example, the HBO, Showtime and Starz packages in one bundle at a greatly reduced price than it would cost to purchase each service separately, as an inducement for subscribers to remain with their service provider or for others to induce subscribers into using their service. Similarly, many television providers offer general interest or movie-based premium channels at no additional charge for a trial period often one to three months, though there have been rare instances of free trials for pay services that last up how to use moving average indicator in forex one year for newer subscribers to that provider's television service.
Pay television has become popular with cable and mmcis forex peace army television. Pay television services often, at least two to three times per year, provide free previews of their services, in order to court potential subscribers by allowing this wider audience to sample the service for a period of days or weeks; these are typically scheduled to showcase major special event programming, such as the pay cable premiere of a blockbuster feature film, the premiere either a series or season premiere of a widely anticipated or critically acclaimed original series or occasionally, a high-profile special such as a concert.
Subscription services transmitted via analogue terrestrial television have also existed, to varying degrees of success. In scalping 1 minuto forex countries, the launch of digital terrestrial television has fantage money maker 2016 free download 2016 that pay television has become increasingly popular in countries with regular antennas.
Conversely, even as cordcutting by pay television subscribers due to price increases resulting from rising carriage fees and as the use of digital multicasting by terrestrial broadcasters has increased since the late s, there have not been any attempts to launch new over-the-air pay services in North America.
In AustraliaFoxtelOptus Television and TransACT are the major pay television distributors, all of which provide cable services in some metropolitan areaswith Foxtel providing satellite service for all other areas where cable is not available.
Austar formerly operated as a satellite pay service, until it merged with Foxtel and SelecTV. The major distributors of pay television in New Zealand are Sky Network Television on satellite and Vodafone on cable. Since the late s, internet video services which distribute original and acquired movies and television shows including NetflixAmazon Video and Hulu Plus have become major competitors to pay television channels, offering replacement stocks remington 700 sps similar programming content.
According to the UK Government website Gov. Pay-per-view PPV services are similar to subscription-based pay television services in that customers must pay to have the broadcast decrypted for viewing, but usually only entail a one-time payment for a single or time-limited viewing. Programs offered via pay-per-view are most often movies or sporting events, but may also include other events, such as concerts and even softcore adult programs.
It took another four decades when cable broadcasters started using pay-per-view on a widespread basis. FTA and FTV systems may still have selective access. Australia Plus is one example, as much of its programming content is free-to-air except for National Rugby League NRL games, which are encrypted.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with pay-per-view. This article is about television services thai hung incense processing and trading joint stock company are available for an additional monthly fee to cable and satellite subscribers, and in some cases, through terrestrial television. For the forms of subscription television services in which "pay television" is also sometimes used as a generalized term, see Multichannel video programming distributorcable television or satellite television.
List of cable television companies. The Television Will Be Revolutionized.
New York City, New York: New York University Press. Retrieved 14 February Broadcast encryption and digital rights management. CableCARD Conditional access system Renewable security. Common Interface CSA Conditional-access module DVB-CPCM FTV Syndication. ABV BISS Conax Cryptoworks Digicipher HDCP KeyFly Nagravision Cisco Videoscape VideoGuard PowerVu RAS SECA Mediaguard Viaccess.
Authorized domain B-CAS Broadcast flag Hardware restriction. Card sharing FTA Pirate decryption. See also free-to-view and pay television. Premium television services in the United States. Premium television services in the United States movies, series and specials.
Home Box Office Inc. HBO Cinemax Showtime Networks Showtime Flix The Movie Channel Starz Inc. Starz Starz Encore MoviePlex Studio 3 Partners Epix. Playboy TV Penthouse TV Hustler TV. Additional resources on North American television.
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List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template. Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States stations available in Canada Vancouver TV realignment Canada broadcast TV realignment. Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations. American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations W Local American TV stations K Spanish-language TV networks United States broadcast TV realignment United States broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV.
Pay-per-view television services in the United States. In Demand HD TVN Entertainment.
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Premium television services in Canada. Premium television services in Canada movies, series and specials.
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Family HD Family Chrgd Family Jr. HBO Canada HD East HBO Canada HD West HBO Canada on Demand HBO GO Canada. Super Channel 1 HD Super Channel 2 HD Super Channel 3 Super Channel 4 Super Channel On Demand. TMN1 HD East TMN1 HD West TMN2 TMN3 HD The Movie Network OnDemand The Movie Network GO. TMN Encore HD TMN Encore 2 TMN Encore GO. Pay-per-view television services in Canada. Breakaway PPV Viewers Choice. MLB Extra Innings NBA League Pass NFL Sunday Ticket NHL Centre Ice WWE Net Pak.
Premium television services in Canada multicultural. ATN Aastha TV ATN B4U Movies ATN B4U Music ATN Bangla ATN Cricket Plus ATN Movies OK ATN NDTV 24x7. Defunct premium television services in Canada. First Choice Superchannel Aim Pay-TV Corp. C Channel The Life Channel. Breakaway PPV Canucks TV Flames PPV Oilers PPV. Retrieved from " https: Television terminology Cable television Pay television.
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